R D Laing

"it [schizophrenia] is not an illness but a mode of being into which the patient has been forced by his family"

His arguments were formalised into The Divided Self: an existential study of sanity and madness published in 1960.

He was at the time seen as at the heart of the 'anti-psychiatry', or ‘critical psychiatry’ movement, a label which he explicitly rejected. He stated that he was just trying to make 'madness' comprehensible.

Laing was highly influential in the 1960s but by 1980, his work was ignored by the psychiatry establishment. Since 2000, he has enjoyed a revival of reputation, with a number of books being published about his theories and himself.